Catholic Theological Union LogoCatholic Theological UnionLearn@CTUCatholics on CallCatholic Common Ground Initiative

A Scripture reflection for the Fourth Sunday in Ordinary Time

by Leslie J. Hoppe, OFM | February 2, 2019

A Scripture reflection for the Fourth Sunday in Ordinary Time

February 3, 2019



First Reading: Jeremiah 1:4-5, 17-19

Responsorial: Psalm 71:1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 15-17

Second Reading: 1 Corinthians 12:31-13:13

Gospel: Luke 4:21-30



The convergence of these three readings is serendipitous. The text from Jeremiah, "Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I dedicated you, a prophet to the nations I appointed you," is one favored by young men for their ordination Mass as they begin their service as deacons or priests. Young couples often choose the passage from Paul, "Love never fails" to be read during their nuptial Mass. There is an excitement that comes with beginning a new phase of one's life. The words of the Prophet and of the Apostle offer the kind of positive support that can look to the future with optimism as one begins a new phase in one's life. The gospel lesson, however, is a warning of troubles that lie ahead.


Luke depicts Jesus as returning to his home village shortly after beginning a new phase in his life. Empowered by the Spirit (Luke 3:21-22), fortified by prayer and fasting, and tested by temptation (Luke 4:1-13), Jesus sets out on his mission to proclaim the coming of God's reign. He had already gained some fame in the villages of Galilee (Luke 4:15) before returning to the village where he was raised. The people of Nazareth, however, were not too impressed by "the son of Joseph." They were insulted by Jesus' reaction to their lukewarm welcome so they ran him out of town. Still, the reception Jesus received in Nazareth did not deter him from continuing his mission. He moved on, settling in Capernaum-another village thirty miles distant, located along the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee. From Capernaum he began visiting the towns and villages in the vicinity, announcing the good news, calling for repentance and faith, and healing the sick.


The words that God speaks to Jeremiah do not promise the prophet great success and universal acclaim. Quite the contrary, God's words of support imply that the prophet will face serious difficulties in fulfilling his mission. Similarly, the psalmist is no Pollyanna yet the words of Psalm 71 exude the confidence that comes from faith. Paul, of course, was not giving advice to newlyweds in his lyrical description of the meaning of love. He was describing the cement that binds together the Christian community. These scriptures most appropriate not only for newlyweds and the newly ordained but for all people who stand at the threshold of the future, looking ahead with joy, enthusiasm and commitment.


Luke's story of Jesus' homecoming offers a necessary "reality check" because, unfortunately, there are too many "Nazarenes" out there-people from whom we expect support and encouragement but who fail us. Pope St. John XXIII called the "Nazarenes" he encountered after the convoked Vatican II "prophets of doom." Toward the end of his life, Pope St. John Paul II faced his "Nazarenes," who thought him to be too old, too tired, too feeble to keep up with the demands made by the modern papacy. But John Paul II was most happy and most energized when he was proclaiming the Gospel and encouraging God's people and they responded to him with great love and affection.


Christians look to the future with confidence and assurance because the battle with the power of evil has been fought and won. Victory is assured because of the death and resurrection of Jesus. The "Nazarenes" of today should not deter believers from keeping their commitment to proclaim the Good News of Jesus Christ. Authentic Christians believe God who says "... I am with you..." because they know that "love never fails."


The above image is from the Public Domain.

Author information Leslie J. Hoppe, OFM

Carroll Stuhlmueller, C.P., Distinguished Professor of Old Testament Studies
M..A., Aquinas Institute of Theology; Ph.D., Northwestern University

Within the broad range of Old Testament studies, he has focused on Deuteronomy and Deuteronomic Literature and on the social and economic conflict between rich and poor in ancient Israelite society. One result of his work in the latter area is There Shall Be No Poor Among You: Poverty in the Bible. He has participated in several archaeological projects in Upper Galilee and is the author of The Churches and Synagogues of Ancient Palestine. He has served as the Director of CTU’s Biblical Study and Travel Progams and has been the academic director of the Fall Program whose residence while in Israel is in Azariah, a village near Jerusalem. This experience has led him to write The Holy City: Jerusalem in the Theology of the Old Testament. He has written several other books and many articles in the area of Old Testament interpretation and biblical archaeology. His latest book is Isaiah in the New Collegeville Bible Commentary series.

He is the general editor of The Catholic Biblical Quarterly and has served on the editorial boards of Old Testament Abstracts and The Bible Today and as general editor of the latter. He is the associate editor of the Anselm Press Study Bible.

He has been a member of the faculty since 1981 except from 2005 to 2011 when he served as the Provincial Minister of the Assumption Province.

In addition to his service at CTU, he has been visiting professor at Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary, Seabury-Western Theological Seminary, and the Studium Biblicum Franciscanum.

He is member of the Assumption Province, Order of Friars Minor and a Roman Catholic priest.


© Copyright 2019 Catholic Theological Union. All rights reserved.
Site design and development by Symmetrical Design.